History

 

THE LIFE OF ST BEDE, THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS.

 

THE LIFE OF ST BEDE (c673-735)

 

Bede was born near Sunderland and educated from the age of seven at the monastery at Wearmouth and then at Jarrow where he lived as a monk for the rest of his life. He was ordained a priest about the year 703. While fulfilling his duties as a monk at prayer and in choir he devoted himself to the study of the Scriptures, teaching and writing. The subjects on which he wrote included orthography, metre, computistics, chronology and the lives of the saints. He believed his twenty-five works of commentary on the Scriptures were his most important work but his Ecclesiastical History of the English People is generally regarded as his most significant.

 

He travelled little, probably never further than York, but his influence crossed Europe. His death is movingly described by the monk Cuthbert. Bede spent his final days singing psalms and working on an English translation of John's Gospel which he completed by dictation just before his death. Boniface, hearing of Bede's death wrote, “the candle of the Church, lit by the Holy Spirit, was extinguished.

 

His cult as a saint was established within a half century of his death. Within a century he had been accorded the title “Venerable”. His bones were transferred from Jarrow to Durham in the 11th century where they rest in the Galilee Chapel. Dante refers to Bede in his Paradiso. Pope Leo XIII gave Bede the title of Doctor of the Church in 1899. His feast day is May 25th.

 

 

THE HISTORY OF ST BEDE'S

 

The foundation stone of St Bede's was laid on 29th July 1841 by Benjamin Badger who had given the land on which the Church was built. The Deed of Transfer is framed and on display in the Parish Rooms.

 

Mr Badger is reported as saying: “Although a member of the Church of England, you know from long acquaintance that I am no bigot. As therefore you mention the great want of a place of worship for the poor Catholics of this place and their inability to purchase land. I have concluded to do what I am sure you will have great pleasure in making known to those whose cause you advocate, that I will give you 1,000 yards of the front land you think so eligible, and worth to me from £300 to £400, to present to your friends on condition that the chapel erected thereon be a respectable building so as not to deteriorate the land adjoining; and should this gift be the means of doing good to any of my fellow creatures, it will amply repay.” [The London and Dublin Orthodox Journal, 1842]

 

Mass had been celebrated in a “very mean property” whose lease expired in 1841. The architects were Weightman and Hadfield. The Church was opened on Wednesday 5th October 1842, dedicated by Rt Rev Dr Briggs, Bishop of the District. (The Roman Catholic Hierarchy would only be re-established in 1850.)

 

A description of the new Church, which did not have either the side aisle or the choir loft, was given in the local newspaper: “The Church is built in the style of English architecture which prevailed at the close of the 14th century, and is in all respects built and fitted up for Catholic worship, according to the rubric of that Church. It has a nave, chancel, entrance porch and vestry – all placed in the required situations, and put together in the simplest manner, without any attempt at architectural effect, according to the modern sense of the terms. Nevertheless, the exterior is solemn and church-like – the steep pitch of the roofs, the lofty bell gable, and the bold substantial air of the whole edifice proclaim at once its character and use. The pent-house gateway is placed at the entrance to the churchyard. It was anciently used to shelter the priest when waiting to receive the funerals of his parishioners, and is still found in remote country places. The chancel gable has a niche, in which is a carved effigy of Our Lady and the Infant Saviour, in stone, from an ancient model. The interior will be interesting to the lover of ancient architecture, from its resemblance to the churches of the olden time. A short description may better serve to explain the various details to those who visit it. The entrance is through an ample porch, with an outer wicket; stone benches are placed on each side, and in the wall is the stoop for the blessed water. Porches were anciently used for many important rites, particularly baptism, the first part of which rite was celebrated in it. The font, therefore is the first object seen on entering the sacred structure; it is of stone large enough for immersion, and copied from old authorities. It is surmounted by a canopy cover of oak, richly carved and suspended from the roof. The sides have eight compartments, in seven of which are cut the inscription, in Latin, “The name of Jesus is great above all names.” The eighth panel has a short inscription, asking the prayers of the faithful for the donor of the font. On passing up the aisle, the whole effect of the church is at once seen. The chancel arch of lofty proportions, filled with the rood screen and cross, has a truly religious effect. At the foot of the cross is an inscription which at once gives the Catholics faith, hope and charity - “Hail cross, our only hope.” The two side figures of Our Lady and St John are from ancient models; the screen is enriched with gilding and is peculiarly light, presenting no obstruction to the view of the chancel from the nave, whilst it separates this – the holy of holies – from it. The nave is filled with low massive benches, copied from ancient examples, and a stone pulpit occupies the south-east corner. The chancel is floored with encaustic tiles, manufactured expressly from ancient patterns, by Mr Yates of Rotherham. The altar and rerodos, or screen, are of stone, richly carved and painted with religious emblems and monograms, so as to harmonise with the altar window, which is stained glass in three compartments. In the centre of St Bede, the patron of the church; on one side is St Paulinus, the first Archbishop of York; and the other St Patrick. In the upper lights are represented the annunciation and the adoration of the magi. A small window to the south throws a rich light on the altar. It is also stained, having a rich effigy of Our Lady. The sedelia, or seats for the clergy, are of stone, richly gilt; as also the niche for the use of the altar. Altogether, the effect of the chancel is rich and solemn, and will convey a faint idea of the departed glory of our venerable churches, ere the were plundered and defaced. The total cost of the building, and all its fittings, will not exceed £1,200 and it accommodates 300 persons. After the mass of dedication – a truly ecumenical occasion – there was a feast at the newly appointed Inn opposite Masbrough Station with many toasts and lavish praises given to all who attended the opening.” The Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 8/10/42

 

The church was extended in the 1930's by the addition of the choir loft, built as a memorial to the dead of the parish killed in the Great War. Their names are listed in the porch below. At the same time the side aisle on the east was added, presumably to give more space for the congregation. The graveyard would have prevented an extension on the west side. In that same decade the presbytery was replaced with an entirely new dwelling for the clergy.

 

 

 

THE PRIESTS WHO HAVE SERVED AT ST BEDE'S

 

Parish priests                                                                              Assistant priests

 

1841 William Smith

1863 Joseph Hill

1865 James Illingworth

1873 Thomas Eyre

1900                                                                                             William Hudson

1908 John Carr                                                                             William Richardson

1909                                                                                                James Grogan

1910                                                                                                Augustine Sweeney

1911                                                                                                 Patrick Leonard

1912                                                                                                Joseph McAuliffe

1913                                                                                                Henry Voss

1915 Matthew Goose

1918                                                                                                Hugh Quinn

1919                                                                                                Claud Warren

1920                                                                                                William Horrax

1930                                                                                                Thomas Smith

1932                                                                                                Patrick McGee

1934 William O'Shaughnessy                                                      Michael Grimes

1936 Herbert Hammond                                                              Leo Mitchell

                                                                                                          Paul White

1939                                                                                                 Patrick O'Grady

1940                                                                                                 John Cairns

                                                                                                           Francis Abberton

1943                                                                                                  John Knox

                                                                                                           Thomas O'Connor

1948                                                                                                 Henry Townend

1951                                                                                                  Francis McNally

1955                                                                                                  Patrick Delaney

1957 William Daly

1959                                                                                                  Edward Quinn

1964                                                                                                  Terence Clifford

1966 John J Kearns

1968                                                                                                  Joseph Kearns

1970 Michael Keegan

1971                                                                                                   Charles Holmes

                                                                                                            John McMahon

                                                                                                            Charles Doughty

1972 Walter Anthony Burke

1973                                                                                                   James Shryane

1975                                                                                                   Gerard Harney

                                                                                                            Maurice Bartley

1979                                                                                                   Frank Carroll

1983                                                                                                   Leslie Roberts OFM

1985 Terence Brebner

1986                                                                                                   Patrick Walsh

1987                                                                                                   Anthony Towey

1990                                                                                                   Kevan Grady

1991                                                                                                    Joseph Steele

1995                                                                                                    Martin Clayton

1997   Mgr David Kirkwood

                                                                                                             Anthony Flynn

                                                                                                             Roy Pannell

2003 Mgr John Ryan

 

PARISHIONERS WHO HAVE BEEN ORDAINED TO THE PRIESTHOOD

 

Fr William Burtoft (1927-2010) ordained Rome Dec 8th 1954

Fr Tadeusz Grzesik ordained 26th November 1972 at the Polish Church, Paris.

Fr Mark McManus ordained 16th July 1988 at present Parish priest at the Annunciation, Chesterfield

Fr Anthony Flynn (-1998) ordained

Fr Adrian Tomlinson ordained 19th July 2003 at present parish priest of St Joseph's Handsworth and St Theresa's The Manor, Sheffield.

Fr Craig Fitzpatrick ordained 9th July 2005 at present pursuing further studies in Canon Law in Rome.

 

THE PRESENT PARISH PRIEST.

John Ryan was born and brought up in Leeds. He was baptised at Our Lady of Perpetual Succour Church, Seacroft (now closed); and attended St Theresa's primary School, Crossgates (now closed). After passing the 11+, he went to St Michael's College (now closed) up to A-levels. He had been accepted as a student for the priesthood for the Diocese of Leeds at the age of 15; and Bishop Wheeler invited him to pursue studies at the English College in Rome (The Venerabile). After two years philosophy and three years theology at the Gregorian University, Fr John (ordained in St Anne's Cathedral, Leeds in 1978) completed his studies for a licentiate in Fundamental Theology in 1979. He was appointed to St Peter-in-Chains, Doncaster and so was in the southern part of the Leeds diocese when the new diocese of Hallam was created (1980). He has been an exile ever since.